Saturday, 31 December 2016


Amos Adamu

Born December 31, 1952 young Amos arrived into the Christian family of Adamu and Mary Adamu in the Zuru Sokoto caliphate, of Northern Nigerian. At the age of 7, his father enrolled him into the United Missionary Church of Africa (UMCA) Primary School in his home town, Zuru in 1959. After his First School Leaving Certificate examination, he gained admission into the Mokwa Teachers’ College in 1966. Mokwa is now in Niger State. In 1970, he obtained his Grade 2 Teacher’s Certificate from the Mokwa Teachers’ College and proceeded to the Advance Teachers College (now College of Education), Kano, in Kano state in 1971. He graduated in 1974 with his (NCE) Nigerian Certificate of Education. In 1974, he proceeded to the Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Zaria in Kaduna State, where he majored in Physical Education and Biology. He graduated in 1977 with a Bachelor degree in Education (B.Ed). He did his compulsory NYSC in 1977 in a College of Education in Maiduguri, Borno State. The school was new then and the staff strength was not strong enough, to manage the school. As such, the School authority, called on the young Adamu and pleaded with him to manage the physical Education department. He was responsible for establishing the Physical Education (P.E.) department. He lectured for one year, his NYSC year as an assistant lecturer. He worked at the College of Education, Sokoto, Sokoto State in the Physical and Health education Department as a lecturer, 1978-1991. In 1980, he was promoted Assistant lecturer, two years later in 1982, he was appointed Lecturer 11, immediately after that he enrolled for and obtained his Master degree, M. A. Physical Education, from the University of Ife, Ile Ife, Osun State. Just before he became a fulltime lecturer in 1985 and three years later in 1988 he was appointed Senior Lecturer. He was the president Nigerian Association of Physical, Health Education and Recreation (NAPHER) Sokoto State Branch 1984-1986. He was also the National Chairman, Inter Collegiate Sports 1982, Chairman, Colleges of Education Games Association (NICEGA) 1986-1991. Between 1985 and 1988 he worked tirelessly and earned his Doctor of Philosophy degree (Ph.D) in Physical Education (Ph.D). He became a Principal Lecturer in 1990 and Chief Lecturer in 1991. He rose through the ranks and files to eventually become Head of Department.

Young Amos Adamu

Dr Amos Adamu with Koffi Anan

Dr Amos Adamu with Dr Raphael James

While he was the Head of the Department at the College of Education in Sokoto where he also acted as the extra mural and intra-mural director of the College, he established the Physical Education department at the Maiduguri College. At the University of Ife, Ile Ife he was the Sport Director of the Post-graduate hall. He was a member of the Educational Research Council writing books for J.S.S. and S.S.S. on P.H.E. in 1985. He was a member of the Sokoto State Implementation Committee on 6-3-3-4 New National Policy on Education 1988-1991, leader of Delegation to All Nigeria Teacher’s Training Colleges (TTC) Games for Sokoto State to Ilorin 1989, Chairman Technical Committee, Sokoto State Sports Council to 4th, 5th and 6th National Sports Festival 1979-1985, Chairman Sokoto State Volleyball Association 1980-1988, President Senior Staff Association (C.O.E) Sokoto 1988-1989.

Dr Amos Adamu with Woke Shoyinka

He served as the National chairman of the Nigerian College of Education Games (NICEGA), hosted by the College of Education in Sokoto. He was the chairman of the inter-collegiate games which comprised of NUGA, NICEGA and NIPOGA. All these gave him the training he needed to perform on the board of the Sports Commission. From the classroom, he left for an administrative career in physical education with the Federal Ministry of Sports and Social Development, as Director of Sports Development. He took up the job of Director of Sports Development in a Ministry that had no fewer than six other directors as of then, including Finance, Social Development, Rehabilitation, Personnel and Management, Research and Statistics, as well as Stadia and facilities. But his office specifically on - Sports Development - and his name, Amos Adamu perhaps remained the most frequently mentioned in over a decade he lasted there, whenever and wherever the affairs of the Sports Ministry was mentioned. He became the rallying point of Nigerian sports for good and was variously referred to by the media as all powerful, de factor minister, the man who calls the shots in a positive terms for the good of the nation etc. As a Director, he introduced the keep-close-tabs formula on all the sports Nigeria participates, and saw the nation winning two silver medals and bronze at the Olympic Games in Barcelona, and two gold medals at Atlanta 96 Olympics, in football and long jump for women. He was appointed the Sole Administrator of the NFA on Thursday, June 4, 1992, the day after the dissolution of the NFA Board. On resumption he got a pleasant welcome surprise: the 3SC’s CAF Cup match in Ibadan, in which 3Sc won by 3-0 against their opponent. While he served as the Sole Administrator of the Nigerian Football Association between 1992 and 1993, Nigeria, for the first time, qualified for the World Cup (USA ’94). He came up with sound administration coupled with talented players and he was able to achieve success. It was only in his time at the NFA that the junior team led by Chief Fanny Amun was camped, the 1993 U-17 World Cup winning squad at Rojenny in Oba, near Onitsha for two years. He was the Director of Sports when the country won its first individual Olympic gold medal through Chioma Ajunwa at Atlanta ’96. He was the chairman of COJA Games, held in about 17 venues in Abuja alone and eight venue outside the stadium complex, including the Gado Nasco Baracks for indoor sports. The tournament hosted about 6,000 athletes from 53 countries with 1,200 COJA officials as well as 1,500 journalists who covered the events. More than 300 journalists from Nigeria were there, from the televisions, newspaper, magazines and radios. There were also volunteers selected from a list of about 50,000 peoples. He was the Coordinator of Facilities Rehabilitation for Nigeria “99 FIFA Youth Championship in 1999, Director of Organization, Ghana/Niger 2000 African Cup of Nations in 2000. He was elected Executive member Confederation of African Foootball (CAF) 2002-2010. He was elected as a member into the Executive Committee of the Federation of International Football Federation (FIFA) in 2008, he was also Chief De Mission of Nigeria Sports Contingent to many international sports competitions such as Sydney, Beijing Olympics, Algiers, South Africa All Africa games. He was also elected the President of the West Africa Football Union (WAFU) in 2004 to date.

He was appointed NSC Director-General making him the first DG the Federal Ministry of Sports and Social Development/ NSC have ever had since the retirement of the Bauchi-born Alhaji Babayo Shehu. In 2001, he organized the 8th All-Africa Games, which Nigeria hosted in Abuja between October 4 and 18, 2003. Afterwards he returned to the Ministry of Sports and Social Development, but by then he was already a member of the executive committee of CAF. He won the CAF seat in Mali in 2002 on the margin of the 25th African Cup of Nations in Egypt, he won a seat also on the supreme decision making organ of world football, FIFA. He single handedly fought FIFA officials when he traveled to Zurich to push Nigeria’s case for the hosting of the 1995 Under 21 Coca-Cola World Cup.

Dr Amos Adamu with Dr Raphael James

A one man army, he controlled and managed the enormous workload at the National Sports Commission (NSC), Confederation of African Football (CAF), Federation of International Football Association (FIFA) and West African Football Union (WAFU). His life is synonymous with sports and all challenges and problems of Nigerian sports has been blamed on him. If sports fails, it is Adamu, if we fail to win a medal in any competition, it is Adamu and he once confessed that he is used to the bashing because in his opinion, he has been doing his best in any outing as Nigerians sports shock-absorber.

Dr Adamu and General Yakubu Gowon

In recognition of his numerous achievements in the area of sports and his uncommon patriotism and the revolution that he introduced to sports development, he has passion for excellence in sports and under his effective directive watch, Nigeria qualified for the FIFA World Cup for the very first time (1994); Nigeria got her first Olympic gold medal in 1996, and out of a total of 23 Olympic medals that Nigeria won in 60 years, (1952-2012) of her participation at the Olympic, 20 of those medals were won when he was in charge of the sports administration. President and Commander in Chief of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’Adua conferred on him the National Award of the Member of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (MFR) in February 2008. Also, in recognition of his contributions to academics and sports, he has received numerous awards and honours such as Grand Order of the House, the House Award, University of Ibadan, Grand Achiever Award (SWAN), West Africa International-Golden Award, Giant Award from African Women International Communication, Meritorious Award-Tedder Hall University of Ibadan, Merit Award-NAPHER-SD, Merit Award, Nigeria University Games Association NUGA. He holds the following traditional chieftaincy titles: The Are Ewe of Lagos, 2001, the Ajasegun of Isolo, Lagos 2001, the Zarumai Zuru of Kebbi State 2002 and the Sarkin Zaki Dabai 2002
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Friday, 30 December 2016



56 years ago today, on December 30, 1960 this young lady you see in the picture above was born, and if you have eyes you'll confirm her beauty😂, her parents - Mazi & Mrs. Harrison Okoro Alagbaoso of Ago Chie Ndiuche in Arondizuogu of Imo State accepted the fact the she is blessing to them and they named her Ngozi.

Her father, Mazi Ihekwuru nwokeoma Harrison Okoro Alagbaoso of Ndiuche Arondizuogu, was a disciplinarian. He instilled fears in his children about being futuristic. He never misses any PTA to the dismay of many teachers because he often pose questions that got other parents clapping. He was a defender of the defenceless. A strong and amiable man. Loved by some and hated by some for his outspokenness and uprightness. He served in the Nigeria Police Force, with dignity. He later worked with CRITTAL HOPE Nigeria and later NNPC. He passed on July 18, 1991.

Nelly with her mother, Mrs Alagbaoso

Nelly attended St. Kizitos Primary School Iju Station Lagos State; Ikeja Grammar School Oshodi; Amumara Girls Mbaise, Imo State, where she served as Games Prefect; Ogun State College of Education Ijebu Ode, (NCE); Lagos State University (BA-ED) History. As a student of the Lagos State University, she was the first female & non indigene Vice-President of the Student Union in 1988. She was captain of the Amumara Grils Hockey team. For her love for sports, she represented three states in Nigeria, Lagos, Imo and Ogun States on Hockey and won medals and certificates, both for herself and the state. She is presently the Admin/Corporate Affairs manager at Education Aid Consultants Limited, she is involved in educational matters, instructional materials for schools, urging blue chip companies to sponsor chats, seminars and workshops on improving the quality of education in Nigeria. She is married to Sunnywhyte Agwu of Ndielu Ugwueke of Bende Abia State with children. Her hobbies include swimming, football and playing table tennis.

Nelly's father Mazi Harrison Okoro Alagbaoso

Nelly with her husband

Nelly on her wedding day

Today as she celebrates her 56th, her message to the world reads " As I celebrate my Birthday today, it can only be by God's grace and mercy. Am not worthy but he loves me beyond measure. I want to thank my 'Iroko' my Husband for giving me peace of heart and my lovely children who makes to know what motherhood is all about. To my loving friends who are ever ready to be by me despite my flaws, I thank you. I pray that my new age will spur me to help humanity and be more closer to God for granting me this opportunity to rewrite all my wrongs. On my knee I say Chukwu Okike Nara Ekenem na Abu oma. Praises and praises. Hallelujah hallelujah to the Most High. Thank you Jesus.(See more photos)

Nelly with her husband

Nelly with Dr, Raphael James

Join to shout 56 Gbosas for her today as she celebrates!😀
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Thursday, 29 December 2016


It was about this time, December 1989, when a two-day music festival in Lagos tagged “Lekki Sunsplash `89" was held, the very first of its kind ever in Nigeria and Africa, sponsored by organizations including: Lagos State Ministry of Home Affairs and Tourism and 7up Bottling Company Limited, among many others. 

It brought together an assemblage of the finest talents in the music industry, it was a music concert of talents and stars that brought out hidden but outstanding Nigerian young talents alongside the promotion of established artists. The role call was massive as far as the music industry was concerned, yours truly was there, though an audience, after I lost my demo-tape in 1986, I lost interest in producing my own music. At Lekki, I saw stars in the bright day, stars like Evi-Edna Ogholi-Ogosi, Femi`Anikulapo Kuti, the Rebels, the African Calypso sensation Jambos Express, Mike Obi, Ras Kimono, Alex Zitto, Bushman, Orits Wiliki, Shelia and Des Majek and Veno Marioghae.

Daniel Willison 27 years ago

Part of the entertainment was the screenings of about 150 entries of music stars by Polygram, the screening produced four young artistes: Ify Ofili, Cicely Imokhimin; Majeed and Austen of Paten. The Lekki Sunsplash Podium 89 Award was won by Ify Ofili, a lead singer and dancer with Onyeka Owenu.

It was at the Lekki Sunsplash that the crowed almost fainted for Daniel Wilson who with his reggae-calypso brand throbbing  music, had the audience yelling for more, even when the Master of Ceremony - Geraido Pino had signaled the end of Daniel Wilson`s appearance time.

Daniel Wilson was not initially signed for Lekki Sunsplash 89, his being there can be described as a musical accident by the organizers a day before the program.
Daniel Wilson had perfumed a day before the Lekki Sunsplash at a music concert tagged "Surprise `89" which was held at Tafawa Balewa Square on Christmas day without costs, not minding the fact that he paid for his trip and band boys from Port Harcourt.

Dr James and Daniel Willison 2016

As, Daniel tried to walk away from the stage, the crowed kept yelling more, more and some of them climbed up stage and ran after Daniel, the young man was excited, he wanted to stand and shake hands with his fans, when Fela saw what was happening and imagined what will happen when the fans get close to him, he pulled Daniel back stage and asked him to run into his car, Daniel explained that he had no car and  Fela offered him and his band boys, his molue bus and asked them to drive as fast as they could. Some of the fans ran out of TBS in pursuance of the molue but Fela instructed the driver never to stop, as they sped off, they noticed a car speeding after them, Fela recognized the driver to be Mr. Utche Okwuosah, organizer of Lekki Limited, so they stopped. He was among the crowd and he was captivated by Daniel's performance. Right there and then a contract was signed and that was how Daniel Wilson became part of the Lekki Sunsplash the next day.

At the Lekki Sunsplash the tall, dark complexioned performer thrilled his audience with his reggae-calypso music which had the tune staccato lyrics of Mighty Sparrow`s calypso with a percussion typical of Louis Satchmo`s jazz.
Watch out for more on Daniel Wilson from me in the coming months
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Saturday, 24 December 2016


For over 200 years Christmas has been celebrated as a sacred religious holiday and a worldwide cultural celebration. It is day celebrated by Christians as the anniversary of the birth of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Who was born in Bethlehem, to Joseph and Mary in a stable, in the inn, with angels announcing the news to shepherds who then disseminated the message across. Although the month and date of Jesus' birth are unknown, between the early-to-mid 4th century the Western Christian Church had placed Christmas on December 25, a date which was later adopted by all. Christians celebrate on December 25 in the Gregorian calendar, which has been adopted almost universally in the civil calendars used in countries throughout the world.

Thomas Birch Freeman

December 25 date was probably selected because it was the date the Romans marked as the winter solstice and Jesus was identified with the Sun based on an Old Testament verse. The date is exactly nine months following annunciation, when the conception of Jesus is celebrated. December 25 was the date of the winter solstice on the Roman calendar. Jesus chose to be born on the shortest day of the year for symbolic reasons, according to an early sermon by Augustine: "Hence it is that He was born on the day which is the shortest in our earthly reckoning and from which subsequent days begin to increase in length. He, therefore, who bent low and lifted us up chose the shortest day, yet the one whence light begins to increase." Linking Jesus to the Sun was supported by various Biblical passages. Jesus was considered to be the "Sun of righteousness" prophesied by Malachi. John describes him as "the light of the world."

December 25, Christmas Day, became a federal holiday in the United States in 1870. Meanwhile in 1838, about 500 freed slaves settled in Freetown chartered a ship and sailed to Badagry in Lagos, among them was James Ferguson, a leader of a trading group and a Methodist who sought and was granted the approval of the King of Badagry to write a letter to the Missionaries stationed in Sierra Leone for the propagation of Christianity in what is today Nigeria.

William De Graft

Monument representing the AgiaTree 
where the first Christmas was celebrated in Nigeria

Ferguson on March 2nd, 1841, sent a letter to Rev. Dove, for the Missionary committee in London and on September 23, 1841 he got a reply, with the arrival of Reverend Thomas Birch Freeman in a small vessel named “SPY” which anchored in Gberefu (KLEFU) Sea Beach. Rev. Freeman was accompanied by two African assistants: William De Graft and his wife both from Ghana (Gold Coast). Freeman had come to preach Christianity for the first time, the next day he was taken to Asisoe Tin, under the Agia tree, where the first sermon of Christianity was first preached.

Freeman later left to Abeokuta to honour an invitation from King Sodeke to preach Christianity to slave returnees who had relocated from Badagry to settle in Abeokuta. He arrived Abeokuta in the morning of Sunday December 11, 1842 in a heroic reception, he held his first service at Shodeke’s palace.

The site of AgiaTree where the first Christmas was celebrated in Nigeria

On December 24th, Rev. Freeman and his companions returned to Badagry only to meet Rev. Henry Townsend of church Missionaries society [CMS now Anglican] who had arrived Badagry on December 17th. The following morning which was Christmas Day, Rev. Freeman returned to AGIA TREE with Rev. Townsend to celebrate the first Christmas in Nigeria on December 25, 1842. The Christmas service was attended by a large and devoted congregation made up of the Badagry people, the resident Europeans in Badagry and the returnees who had settled in Badagry. Rev. Townsend read the scripture and Rev. Freeman preached the day’s sermon on “The incarnation Redeemer of Mankind.”

The Dr. James family at the site 
where Christmas was first celebrated in Nigeria.

The famous Agia tree fell on June 1959 after leaving for over 300 years. Today, Christmas is celebrated with music and caroling, lighting a Christingle, an exchange of Christmas cards, church services, a special meal, and the display of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas trees, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, mistletoe, and holly. Santa Claus or Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore.
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The Nigerian National Pledge was conceived and written by Prof (Mrs.) Felicia Adebola Adeyoyin in 1976. Felicia was born on November 6, 1938. The 2nd of 6 children, of evangelist Robert Olabisi Awujoola a.k.a. 'Teacher Love' and Deaconess Juliana Adebisi Awujoola (nee Otunla) from the Iji ruling house of Shaki in Shaki West LG, Oke Ogun area of Oyo State. She is the granddaughter of Oba Alayeluwa, Okere Okunoye, Atere I, the 10th Okere of Shaki, who reigned between 1867-1873. She got married to Mr. Solomon Adedeji Adeyoyin, an indigene of Ire, Osun State.


She attended Baptist Girls’ School and Women's College, Idi-Aba, Abeokuta, 1953-57; North West Polytechnic, London, 1961-64; B.A. Honours in Geography in 1968 from the Birkbeck College of the prestigious, London University, London, a Diploma in Education in 1976 from the same institution, M.A. Cum Laude in Teaching of Social Studies University, Columbia University, New York 1977 and a Ph.D. in 1981 from the Faculty of Education, University of Lagos. She was appointed Professor of Education in 1992 by the University of Lagos. She was also a University external examiner in Nigeria and Botswana.

An old photo of Prof(Mrs.) Felicia Adedoyin


In December 2005, she was conferred with the National Honour of MON by President Olusegun Obasanjo. She is blessed with 4 children: Adedayo Adeyoyin, Adebola Ogunremi, Adedeji Adeyoyin, and Oluseyi Korede.  In one of her interviews, she noted that her children were the motivation behind writing the pledge. Her children were already acquainted with reciting the Oath of Allegiance in their school in New York, USA and also the State Pledge in Achimotu School in Accra, Ghana, when they relocated to Ghana. They kids wondered why there was no pledge in Nigeria and asked their mother, that motivated her to script up her idea of a pledge for Nigeria in June 1976, it was published in the Daily Times of July 15, 1976 under the title: "Loyalty to the Nation, I Pledge". This is the original version of her pledge:

"I pledge allegiance to Nigeria my fatherland. 
To foster the spirit of true brotherhood. 
To live in harmony with all as One people under God's own banner 
I promise to treasure 
Our freedom and cultural heritage 
Won, and preserved, by our faithful fathers 
I promise to uphold and defend all that is worthwhile in building 
A united Nigeria 
So help me God this day to live 
True to these high ideals. 

After the publication Barrister Adewusi, a mutual friend of the Adeyoyin's and Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo, after reading  the Daily Times article, took a copy to the Head of State General Obasanjo in August 1976.The Head of State, accepted the work and modified it to its present form:

"I pledge to Nigeria my country 
To be faithful, loyal and honest 
To serve Nigeria with all my strength. 
To defend her unity 
To uphold her honour and glory 
So help me God."

In September 1976, The Head of State decreed that all school children should recite the Pledge in their morning assemblies daily. Gen. Obasanjo in his book "Not My Will" page  118, wrote:

"As part of our drive at inculcating in our citizens the need to for national self pride we changed the lyrics and rhythm of the national anthem. Our aim was to indigenous the anthem both in terms of lyrics, rhythm and time to emphasize the positive aspect of the Nigerian Nation and to challenge the youths who are the future leaders. In addition we also introduced a national pledge. The idea of the pledge was actually suggested by Dr. (Mrs) Felicia A. Adeyoyin whose husband, Solomon Adeyoyin was a onetime classmate of mine. She wrote a letter to me and attached a draft of the pledge to the letter. She was informed by her experience in the United States of America. The suggestion was timely for the launching of the universal primary education UPE . I re-wrote the pledge by touching it up and forwarded it to the ministry of Education"
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Friday, 23 December 2016


Ugu gourd

Ugu aka Telfairia occidentalis is a member ofrcurbitaceae family, commonly found in Southern Nigeria, but it is cultivated all over West, Central and East Africa. In Nigeria the Igbos call it 'Ugu', the Yorubas call it 'ugwu' and the Cameroonians in Central Africa call it ‘ekobon’.

Scientifically it has been discovered that Ugu shoots contain high levels of potassium and iron, while the leaves contain a high amount of antioxidants and hepatoprotective and antimicrobial properties, the seeds are composed of 27% crude proteins and 53% fats.

My son carrying an Ugu gourd containing the seeds

Ugh gourd split open

In a study published in 'Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research' by Malaysian and Nigerian researchers, titled “A Review of the Pharmacological and Biological Activities of the Aerial Parts of Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f. (Cucurbitaceae).” The researchers Olorunfemi A Eseyin, Munavvar A Satta and Hassaan A Rathore, from Hypertension and Cardiovascular Physiology Research Laboratory, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, and Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Uyo, Nigeria, noted that: “The medicinal potential of the leaf and seed (oil) of Ugu (Telfairia occidentalis) is no longer in doubt. They stated that: "It is now obvious that the plant has been proven to possess beneficial antioxidant, anti-diabetic, hepato-protective, haematological, antiplasmo- dial, antimicrobial, testiculoprotective, anticancer, antiinflammatory, anxiolytic and sedative properties."

My son carrying Ugu gourd

Ugu juice squeezed out of the leaves can be used in the management of hyperchelsterolaemia, liver problems, and impaired immune system, it has the potential to regenerate testicular damage and therefore can be used to remedy reproductive and fertility issues. Ugu is high in anti-oxidant and free radical scavenger properties, the leaves extract can be used to fight cancers and liver diseases. It's good for pregnant women suffering from anemia, they can use the leaves to strengthen their blood. It is also good for nursing mothers it helps to replenish lost blood, due to its high iron content and it is also anti malaria. Young ugu leaves mixed with coconut water and salt can be stored in bottle and used for the treatment of convulsion. It is also effective in the management of prostatic diseases, because it contains phenoilc substances. Ugu contains chemopreventive agents, used in enhancing host protective systems such as detoxification enzymes against carcinogens. Chemoprevention is one of the best strategies employed in cancer control and has evolved into one of the most exciting and promising area in cancer research.

Ugu soap

Ugu flower that produces the gourd

Cooked Ugu seed

Ugu contains high level of antioxidant components, its protein content is about 21 per-cent, and it's higher than those of other commonly used leafy vegetables. It is rich in vitamins and minerals such as calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), Iron (Fe), potassium, sodium and magnesium), antioxidants, vitamins (such as thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinamide and ascorbic acid, phyto-chemicals such as phenols. The vitamin A content is high, and it is good in reproduction and fertility, it has the potential to regenerate testicular damage and also increase spermatogenesis.

Fresh Ugu leaves

Ugu produces a gourd that contains between 50-200 seeds depending on the size of the gourd. The seeds are high in protein and fat, and can therefore contribute to a well-balanced diet. The seed are used in making cakes which are high in protein and are suitable for fortifying foods. The oil seeds have lactating properties and are therefore in high demand by women with young babies. The seeds can be roasted or boiled and eaten like the seeds of breadfruit (Treculia); they are also sometimes used as soup thickeners. It is very rich in oil, especially unsaturated fatty acids, which form 61 per cent of the oil. the seed are a good source of four minerals required in human nutrition. The seed contains about 29 per cent oil and 30 per cent protein.
However, more research work is required to establish more observations. but I love my ugu soup.
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Thursday, 22 December 2016


The old national anthem was written by LILLIAN JEAN WILLIAMS, A British expatriate who lived in Nigeria. She wrote the wordings and the music was composed by Frances Brenda. The anthem ran from October 1, 1960 - September 30, 1978. The anthem:


Nigeria we hail thee
Our own dear native land
Though tribe and tongue may differ
In brotherhood we stand
Nigerians all and proud to serve
Our sovereign motherland

Our flag shall be a symbol
That truth and justice reign
In peace or battle honour
And this we count as gain
To pass unto our children
A banner without stain

O God of all creation
Grant this our one request 
Help us to build a nation
Where no man is oppressed
And so with peace and plenty
Nigeria may be blessed


In the First Republic, Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe had asked Prof. Fela Sowande, an international songwriter and renowned guru of Modern Nigerian Art Music, to compose a new anthem, but it turned out that the anthem was judged to be too easy, so it was not approved.

Benedict Odiase who composed Arise O compatriots

Benedict Odiase in old age

In the late 60's there were several calls to change the national anthem, for example check the attached newspaper report, Daily Times Newspaper Monday, September 2, 1968 page 5 with the headline "We need a new national anthem". The demand continued until in 1978 when Head of State General Olusegun Obasanjo set up the Committee on the Draft Constitution/Return to Civilian Rule in Nigeria and its Publicity unit working hand in hand with the Federal Ministry of Information requested for entries for the National anthem.

Daily Times Newspaper Monday, September 2, 1968 page 5

My Dad, Mr. James Nkume was among the total of 1499 Nigerians that sent in entries. The current National anthem, 'ARISE, O Compatriots' was pieced together from the 5 best entries from Masses John Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B.A. Ogunnaike, Sota Omoigui, and P.O. Aderibigbe.

My Dad, Mr. James Nkume's letter of acknowledgment on the new anthem

The music of the anthem was composed by Benedict Elide Odiase, a Nigeria composer and an Assistant Commission of Police, he was also the then Director of Music of the Nigerian Police Band. Odiase was born in 1935, he grew up in the defunct Bendel State. He died on June 12, 2013, at the age of 79. The anthem came into effect on October 1, 1978 and still runs:

ARISE, O Compatriots 
Nigeria's call Obey 
To serve our Fatherland 
With love and strength and faith 
The labour of our heroes past 
Shall never be in vain
 To serve with heart and might
 One nation, bound in freedom,
Peace and unity.

O God of Creation 
Direct our noble cause 
Guide thou our leaders right
Help our youth the truth to know 
In love and honesty to grow
And living just and true 
Great lofty heights attain
To build a nation where peace and
Justice shall reign.

Dr. Raphael James: "I love Nigeria what about you"?
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Tuesday, 20 December 2016


Me standing at the spot Gen. Ironsi was killed

I am standing on the spot where Head of State - General J. T. U. Aguiyi-Ironsi and the Western Nigerian Governor Lt Col Francis Adekunle Fajuyi were assassinated on July 29, 1966. It's about half a plot of land, belonging to the family of Otun Balogun of Lalopon with trees and bushes. It is located almost by the intersection of the old and new Ibadan-Iwo road, opposite Idito High School, Erunmu in Lagelu Local Government Area of Oyo State.

On July 28, 1966, Head of State - General J T U Aguiyi-Ironsi hosted traditional rulers from all parts of the country in the Ibadan Government House, Agodi. The following morning of July 29, at about 4 a. m, Captain Andrew Nwankwo received a call from Adeola, the then Commissioner of Police, Ibadan he said he wanted to speak with Ironsi. Captain Andrew Nwankwo was the Aide-De-Camp to Major General J. T. U Aguiyi Ironsi. Adeola informed him that there was a coup. General Ironsi had in his security entourage a small detachment of 106 Artillery, Commanded by Lt. Col.

The spot where Gen. Agui-Ironsi was killed

William Walbe - Ironsi Commander of Security Convoy . Lieutenant Sanni Bello was the army ADC to the Head of State and Lt. Adamu was the ADC to Lt Col Francis Adekunle Fajuyi. (Walbe later became ADC to Gowon). Around 5:30 a m there were gun-fire, then General Ironsi sent Col. Njoku to go and get details of the events. Njoku was the Commander of Lagos Garrison that alerted others outside the Government House, Ibadan about the coup. Lt Col Francis Adekunle Fajuyi commanded Nwankwo to go outside the Government House to find out what was happening. Nwankwo met with Major T. Y. Danjuma, and Danjuma demanded to see the Head of State. At that point Lt Col Francis Adekunle Fajuyi came out to find out what was holding Nwankwo, Fajuyi was arrested and the demand for General Ironsi to come down became intensive. Nwankwo took them to Ironsi and Major Titus Numan, ( a non commissioned officer, who was promoted by General Ironsi to the rank of full Lieutenant) seized Ironsi's crocodile swagger stick, and they questioned him about the January 15, 1966 coup. Gen Ironsi explained that he only stepped in to restore confidence and normalcy.

Gen. JTU Agui-Ironsi

General J. T. U. Aguiyi-Ironsi and Lt Col Francis Adekunle Fajuyi were arrested and the rest became history. They were taken away in a Land Rover and a mini bus and driven to an isolated area along Iwo Road. Stopped over and marched them to the right hand side of the bush. They were both killed right on the spot. I am standing on that spot and displaying a copy of the book that I wrote on Ironsi.
I am calling on President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria, the Executive Governors of: Oyo State - Abiola Adeyemi Ajimobi; Abia State - Okezie Ikpeazu; Ekiti State - Peter Ayodele Fayose to come together and give honoure to this two great Nigerians by building an epitaph in remembrance of them at the site. It will not be in vain and this will also attract tourists to the site. May their soul rest in peace. God bless Nigeria
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A wonder bank in PortHarcourt back in the '90s. Many of these buildings thrived back then.

МММ was said to be a Russian company that perpetrated one of the world's largest Ponzi schemes of all time, in the 1990s. By different estimates from 5 to 40 million people lost up to $10 billion. The exact figures are not known even to the founders. In 2011, MMM re-opened as "MMM Global" with up to 110 subsidiaries per country, it became widely popular in various African countries like South Africa , Nigeria , Zimbabwe and Kenya.

There is high probability that Umanah's bank of the 1990's was part of MMM.
The famous 'Resources Managers Nigeria Limited' on No. 1 Woru Street, off Olu Obansanjo Road, Resources village, Port Harcourt. It was a bubbling place for all, people trouped in, in their hundreds. With a whopping 60 per cent interest for any amount lodged in the Wonder Bank within 30 days who will not want to be a part of it. It was a case of 'everybody come inside' mechanics, barbers, traders, housewives, drivers, students, dish washers, petrol attendants, house-helps, labourers, prostitutes, business men, Soldiers, Police and the Navy were all involved, they assembled everyday to either make fresh lodgments or withdrew their money that might have been ‘matured’ with huge interest.

Then in May 1991, it happened, the unexpected happened, people gathered that faithful morning but the gate was locked. The members of 'SIB' from state police headquarters Moscow Road, G.R.A Port Harcourt had stormed the place and arrested the Wonder Bank Manager - Umanah E. Umanah, and all members of his staff.
That was the end of the Wonder bank, there were several versions of what transpired, but the fact was that the bank went down with over 10 billion naira of its customers. While some people believed that Umanah connived with the police to dupe them of their money, others felt he was arrested by the police because he had no operational license, and was wanted very badly by the central bank of Nigeria for depriving commercial banks of the customers.

Thousands of people gathered every morning in the frontage of the bank to console themselves. There was a case of a company accountant who took the salary of the staff of the company and banked with the Wonder bank, with the expectation of making 60% interest, he lost it all. A family that sold everything they had and deposited the money in the bank also lost it all. There was a taxi driver, who sold his Toyota car in March and put the entire money in the Bank. A lady deposited the monthly contribution of her club members without their knowledge. There was the case of a man who leased his community land and deposited the money in the Bank hoping to make interest and return the money. A customs officer, transferred from Lagos to Port Harcourt, sold her car and deposited the whole money into the Recourses Bank. A Local government chairman lodged the April salaries of teachers in his LGA in the bank, hoping for the 60% wonder and his teachers were on strike, he never cared.

After the Resources Bank closed down and Umanah’s whereabouts became unknown, most people who had committed various sums of money into the bank ran mad and some probably committed suicide.
In November 2015, MMM launched a website targeting the Nigerian audience, also claiming a "30% per month" return including other acquirable bonuses. The entity was self-described as a "mutual aid fund where ordinary people help each other." Over 2.4 million people signed up by late 2016. On December 13th, it announced the freezing of all members' accounts due to systems overload and the negative attention brought on by the Government and mass media. this led to panic and attempted suicides. The 'funny' part was that on December 14, LASEMA (Lagos State Emergency Management Agency) pleaded with Lagosians to dial their emergency number if they spot anyone trying to commit suicide. LASEMA stated that the action was necessary following the number of people that committed suicides after MMM crashed in Russia.

When will we learn and understand the fact that nothing good comes easy. Greed is what drags most people to schemes like this. In the next few months, if another wonder appears Nigerians will go all out to embrace it . We never learn from history, because we don't know our history.
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Monday, 19 December 2016


The Nigerian flag as approved by the Government of Nigeria

Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi as a young man

On January 1, 1900 the Royal Niger Company flag was lowered at Lokoja and in its place the Union Jack the British Colonial Government flag replaced it. The area that later came to be known and addressed as 'Nigeria' paid homage to the 'Union Jack' from 1900 to October 1st 1960. 

On October 27th, 1958 Britain (the Colonial Government) agreed that Nigeria would become an independent country on October 1st, 1960, the Colonial Government placed an advert in the newspaper requesting for entries for a new flag to replace the Colonial 'Union Jack' flag for the new Nigeria. Taiwo Akinkunmi an Ibadan born, twenty three year old, electrical engineering student of Norwood Technical College in London, while reading in a library (not CRIMMD LIBRARY) saw the advert and he sent in his entry of a 'red radiating sun badge in the center of three horizontal sizes of green, white and a green colours. Its width to length ratio was 1 to 2. The green represents agriculture while the white represents unity and peace. The red star, represented divine protection and guidance.

Dr James standing at the Lokoja spot where the Union Jack was 1st hosted

From among the many entries, the flag selection committee at their final selection dropped the red star in the middle of the whites and approved the green white and green, he was paid 100 pounds for his entry. On October 1st 1960 the flag was first officially hoisted on Nigeria's Independence Day, at the then Racecourse now Tafewa Belawa Square, the British Union Jack flag was lowered for the last time and replaced by Nigerian Green-White-Green flag, by 00.00 hours, in the presence of many dignitaries; including the outgoing Governor General Sir James Robertson and the Prime Minister Alhaji Sir Tafewa Belawa and that was the beginning of our independence.

The original flag designed by Taiwo Akinkunmi with the red sun in the center of the green white green

Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, aka "Flag Man", retired from the Nigerian civil service in 1993 due to illness. In 2008 Akinkunmi was given a cheque of two million naira as fee for his appearance on a MTN TV show - 'Who Deserves To Be A Millionaire' anchored by Frank Edoho, Pa was assisted during the show by Kate Henshaw and T-Mac.  On October 2010, he received his first award from the federal government, during Nigeria’s celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of independence and on October 2014, he received a national honour from President Goodluck Jonathan and a life time monthly salary of 800, 000 Naira.

Lowering Royal Niger Company flag at Lokoja jan 1, 1900 and hosting of Union Jack by the Colonial Govt

Lowering of the Union Jack and hoisting of the Nigerian flag green white green, by Sir James Robertson and Prime Minister Tafawa Balewa at the racecourse

Kate Henshaw, Pa Taiwo Akinkunmi and  T-Mac at the MTN 'Who Deserves To Be A Millionaire

Pa Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi house in Ibadan

President Goodluck Jonathan decorating Pa Taiwo Akinkumi

Pa Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi 

Dr. James at the sport where the Green white was 1st hosted at the racecourse now Tafawa Balewa square

Which law authorised Nigerians to place the  coat of arm in the middle of our flag. This is NOT the flag of Nigeria

For many years, this spot of the handing over of flag was neglected and abandoned until 2012 when President Goodluck Jonathan renovated it and made it a tourist site. As at the time of my visit on September 27, 2016, there are dustbin vans, packed about 30 meters to the spot with waste bins lettering the areas. God bless Nigeria!

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