Tuesday, 31 January 2017


Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to make the land available for other uses. An estimated 18 million acres (7.3 million hectares) of forest, which is roughly the size of the country of Panama, are lost each year, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It is a process where vegetation is cut down without any simultaneous replanting for economic or social reasons.

Dr. James sitting on logs of wood in Taraba State

Deforestation have taken over Nigerian forests. Deforestation has negative implications on the environment in terms of soil erosion, loss of biodiversity ecosystems, loss of wildlife and increased desertification among many others.

At the rate our tress are been cut down up North, in the forests of Benue, Taraba that I visited recently and Kaduna as I was told, in the next few years, we will have no trees in Nigeria again. Forests are been cleared for logging, timber export, subsistence agriculture and notably the collection of wood for fuel which remains problematic in Nigeria.

Logs of wood for export

deforestation, the way it starts

There are many causes of deforestation. The WWF reports that half of the trees illegally removed from forests are used as fuel. Others include to make more land available for housing and urbanization, harvesting timber to create commercial items such as paper, furniture and homes, creating ingredients that are highly prized consumer items, such as the oil from palm trees and creating room for cattle ranching.

Common methods of deforestation are burning trees and clear cutting. These tactics leave the land completely barren and are controversial practices.

Bush burning also leads to deforestation

Loading of rosewood at Garaba ChedeTaraba-State

Deforestation is considered to be one of the contributing factors to global climate change. The deforestation of trees not only lessens the amount of carbon stored, it also releases carbon dioxide into the air. Seventy percent of the world’s plants and animals live in forests and are losing their habitats to deforestation, according to National Geographic. Loss of habitat can lead to species extinction. It also has negative consequences for medicinal research and local populations who rely on the animals and plants in the forests for hunting and medicine.

Between 1990 and 2000, Nigeria lost an average of 409,700 hectares of forest every year equal to an average annual deforestation rate of 2.38%. Between 1990 and 2005, in total Nigeria lost 35.7% of its forest cover, or around 6,145,000 hectares. Also, as of 2005, Nigeria had the highest rate of deforestation in the world according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).  Federal and State Government should protect these forests and make it mandatory that for every tree cut down, 10 new ones must be planted and nurtured, lets save the earth, lets save Nigeria.

1 comment:

  1. Nowadays forest survive very dangerous life, because rapidly everyday numbers of trees is decreases, If you wanna that how to save life of forest then Mark Hutchinson can guides you.