Sunday, 1 April 2018

WHEN WILL NIGERIA TAKE ITS RIGHTFUL POSITION IN THE PALM OIL INDUSTRY



with a bunch of palm oil nut 

Growing up in the village I took part in the harvesting and production of palm oil. Palm oil is produced from the African oil palm ‘Elaeis guineensis’. It grows wild and sometimes planted
in special palm plantations. It is naturally reddish in color. The tree looks like Coconut trees and the fruits are called palm fruits, after extracting the oil from the fruit, the remains is called palm kernel and inside the kernel there is a nut.
bending over bunches of palm oil nuts

History has it that as far back as 5000 years ago, Palm oil and palm tree existed in Egypt. It was one of the major attractions of the colonial masters to Nigeria, even as European merchants trading with West Africa bought palm oil for use as cooking oil in Europe. It was one of the greatest gift to Britain Industrial revolution as Palm oil was used as an industrial lubricant for machines. In fact by about 1870, palm oil was the primary export of Nigeria and Ghana. Palm oil is used for the production of soap, because it has a high concentration of saturated fat, specifically the 16-carbon saturated fatty acid. Monounsaturated oleic acid is also a major constituent of palm oil. Unrefined palm oil is a significant source of tocotrienol, part of the vitamin E family.

Recently on my tours, I visited a palm oil Refining center in Ondo state. I went with them to the farm to harvest the ripe palm fruit from the tree, I must confess I made no attempt to climb the tree, though in my youthful younger days, I did climb it with my cutlass in my mouth, that was then. 
at the processing point of oil palm with some of the workers

At the refining center, I noticed they have a machine that squeeze the oil out of the palm fruits, with about 9 workers, they separate the chaffs and the kernel. After milling, various palm oil products are made using refining processes. Red palm oil has a deep red color because of its abundant carotene content. It also contains Carotenoids such as alpha and beta-carotene and lycopene, Sterols, Vitamin E, Antioxidants in the form of flavonoids and phenolic acid
Processing of oil in progress 
The organic waste matter that is produced when processing oil palm, including oil palm shells and oil palm fruit bunches, can also be used to produce energy. This waste material can be converted into pellets that can be used as a biofuel.
with a work, behind us is a heap of palm kernel  

with more workers, about to boil the palm fruits before oil extractions
 
Though palm trees were taken from Nigeria to Malaysia in the 60’s, the annual revenue received by Indonesia and Malaysia together in 2012, from palm oil products, was $40 billion. When will Nigeria take its rightful position in the palm oil industry again.
palm kernel nuts been sorted out from the kernel 

shaft with palm kernel after oil extractions 


I love adventure, I love facts, I love history
with more of the workers displaying bags and baskets of palm oil fruits 








2 comments:

  1. Traditionally after doing all that wahala, you are also given some palm oil in peak tin or half or even full bottle in appreciation. My point: where is our share na?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I was on tour and could not carry palm oil about, though i was not given any

      Delete